Elbow tendonitis is a type of soft tissue injury. The elbow, made up of bones, ligaments, muscles and tendons, is vital to arm functionality. Tendons are fibrous and connective, tough bands of tissues that attach muscle to bone. In this case, the tendons attach the forearm muscles to the bones of the elbow. In Elbow tendonitis repetitive strain is caused by overuse of the wrist and forearm. Muscles that control the movement of the wrist or forearm when it comes to flexing, extending and gripping, become strained. Tendonitis. Is the result of inflamed, torn or irritated tendons.
There are two main types of elbow tendonitis: lateral epicondylitis – otherwise known as “tennis elbow” and medial epicondylitis – otherwise known as “golfer’s elbow”. In lateral/tennis elbow,
the affected tendons are located on the outer surface of the elbow and are part of the forearm/wrist/finger group of “extensor” muscles. In medial/golfer elbow, the affected tendons are located on the inner surface of the elbow and are part of the forearm/wrist/finger “flexor” group of muscles.
Elbow tendonitis is a painful condition and tennis elbow, in particular, is one of the most common causes of chronic arm pain. The condition occurs with repeated use of the elbow by rotating the forearm muscle tendons. According to the Cleveland Clinic, fewer than 5% of tennis elbow diagnoses are related to tennis. The condition affects 1% to 3% of the population.
Most patients develop the condition due to:
Tight grip on golf or tennis equipment
Incorrect technique and/or Overtraining
Repetitive motion from everyday work
Using an outstretched arm to break a fall
Tendonitis usually responds to over-the-counter, anti-inflammatory medicines or simply ice and rest. However, if these conservative treatments don’t work, corticosteroids may be injected directly into the affected area. In worst case scenarios involving full tears, a surgical procedure can reattach the tendons.
Stem cell injections, combined with PRP, can help heal tendons more quickly and in a less invasive manner than through surgical repair. A 2014 study showed that treatment of tennis elbow patients with a single injection of PRP showed significant improvement in the condition.
A team of researchers noted in the Journal of Orthopaedics that PRP injection for lateral epicondylitis of the elbow is an acceptable and useful treatment with improvement in symptoms in 56 out of 64 patients (87.5%).
PRP has shown to be more effective in relieving pain and improving function in the long-term – up to 6 months to a year.
If caught early and treated correctly, Elbow Tendinosis can resolve in 6 to 10 weeks. However, for chronic conditions, it can take 3 to 6 months.
Spine and Wellness Centers of America with their state of the art facilities and professional team of experts are able to advise, recommend and ultimately successfully treat Elbow Tendonitis. With a wide variety of treatment options in their arsenal, each individual patient is given a holistic and tailored approach to make sure they are pain free and quickly back to normal, daily activities.